If the proposed mega-development at Garvies point commences as-is, it is virtually impossible for the required dredging and heavy construction to not spread these hazardous substances into the waterway (and thereby Hempstead Harbor, and then into the Long Island Sound), and completely impossible to prevent some from becoming airborne. At least some groundwater contamination is also a distinct possibility.
With this in mind, it may be useful for the North Shore Community to understand just what contaminants have been found in Garvies Point. We took a look at another of the largest chemical companies who operated in Garvies point, what chemicals they used and left behind.
Mattiace Petrochemical Co., Inc.
- 1,1-DICHLOROETHANE – “Not easily soluble in water. Breaks down slowly in air and has the potential for long-range transport. The EPA has determined that 1,1-dichloroethane is a possible human carcinogen.” Source
- CARBON TETRACHLORIDE – “Levels of exposure associated with carcinogenic effects…cancer effects could occur at lower exposure levels…inhalation exposure to carbon tetrachloride resulted in a considerable number of deaths in humans” Source
- CHLOROFORM – “It isn’t known whether chloroform causes reproductive effects or birth defects in people. Animal studies have shown that miscarriages occurred in rats and mice that breathed air containing 30 to 300 ppm chloroform during pregnancy and also in rats that ate chloroform during pregnancy. Offspring of rats and mice that breathed chloroform during pregnancy had birth defects. Abnormal sperm were found in mice that breathed air containing 400 ppm chloroform for a few days.” Source
- ETHYLBENZENE – “Ground water from sources near manufacturing and processing facilities, petroleum refineries, and leaking underground storage tanks may be contaminated with ethylbenzene. Breathing lower levels has resulted in hearing effects and kidney damage in animals.” Source
- TETRACHLOROETHYLENE – “Tetrachloroethylene exposure may harm the nervous system, liver, kidneys, and reproductive system, and may be harmful to unborn children. If you are exposed to tetrachloroethylene, you may also be at a higher risk of getting certain types of cancer.” Source
- TRICHLOROETHYLENE – “There is strong evidence that trichloroethylene can cause kidney cancer in people and some evidence that it causes liver cancer and malignant lymphoma” Source
- XYLENE (MIXED ISOMERS) – “Results of studies in animals indicate that large amounts of xylene can cause changes in the liver and harmful effects on the kidneys, lungs, heart, and nervous system. Source
As always, this is not a comprehensive list of the site’s contaminants.